Military History

Roussillon Barracks has a well-documented military history, which starts with the formation of the Royal Sussex Regiment by Arthur Chichester, third Earl of Donegal, who raised the Regiment in Belfast in 1701. Over 300 years of involvement in skirmishes, battles and full blown world wars followed, with links to the Crimean War, the Indian Mutiny in 1857, and two World Wars, the Falklands conflict and the Royal Military Police’s active service in the recent Iraq conflict.

Roussillon Barracks takes its name from the Royal Roussillon Regiment of France, which was overwhelmed by the 35th (Royal Sussex) Regiment of Foot at Quebec in 1759, which in 1881 was amalgamated with the 107th Foot to form the Royal Sussex Regiment. The barracks remained the home of the Royal Sussex Regiment until 1964, when they moved to be replaced by Royal Military Police, who occupied the Barracks until 2005.

Architectural History

Chichester's 19th century architecture can still be seen, with the preservation of two buildings - The Keep, a castellated red brick structure with stone detailing, and the chapel, which also served as a schoolhouse.  Subsequent additions to the development include some 1930's Neo-Georgian architecture.

Once a fertile, open heath land, the 1815 development of an army barracks brought with it the addition of a protective flint wall which now envelops the site and will be retained and maintained as part of the development.  A footpath traverses the site diagonally from North East to South West. The clear benefits of outdoor space was recognised in the early stages of this development and the existing green, now named Queen Juliana Green, has been retained as public open space for all to continue to enjoy.

The original accommodation was established in a grid pattern; this is captured in Victorian photographic archives which reveal single storey barracks buildings from the period.

Roussillon History

Roussillon Park is imbued with a rich tapestry of military history. Former home to The Royal Sussex Regiment, and The Royal Military Police, the landscape is embroidered with the best of proud British heritage.

The two opposite articles describe the history of the grounds at the Roussillon Park development and the developers' proposition to integrate and maintain its historic visual consistency.

You can also download a mini brochure of the history below:

Files Available

Roussillon History (591.99 KB)
 

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